The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis is a member state of the British Commonwealth. It is also a member of the Organization of American States (OAS) and of the UN. Furthermore, this Caribbean country is a participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) as well as the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Its citizen-by-investment program was launched in 1984 under the Citizenship Act (Part II, Section 3 ) of that year, and is governed by the St. Kitts and Nevis Citizenship-by-Investment Regulations of 2011. The St. Kitts and Nevis Program – the first of its kind – is internationally accepted.
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Holding a St. Kitts and Nevis passport entitles citizens to travel visa-free to 132 countries. This includes the UK and the Schengen Area countries in Europe. In order to obtain full citizenship, applicants are required to contribute financially to the country – either by buying real estate to the value of at least USD 400 000, by making a (non-refundable) contribution of USD 250,000 to the Sugar Industry Diversity Fund (SIDF), a non-profit foundation working to sustain the economy or by making a USD 150,000 (non-refundable) contribution to the Hurricane Relief Fund (HRF). The application process involves stringent due-diligence checks.
The main applicant must be aged 18 years or older. Applications may include children aged 18–30 years if they are enrolled as full-time students at a recognized tertiary institution and are fully financially supported by the main applicant. Parents or grandparents aged 55 years or older living with and fully financially supported by the main applicant may also be included. Applicants and their dependents need to have a clean criminal record (stipulated as not having been convicted of an offence carrying a prison sentence of more than six months). Applicants who have previously been denied a visa to St. Kitts and Nevis or any of its visa-free partners will not be granted citizenship.
Applicants may choose between three investment options:
The Citizen-by-Investment Unit (CIU) administers the Program and processes applications, including carrying out stringent due-diligence checks. The process typically takes four to six months from submission of the application.
The application comprises the following steps:
|Real estate investment: purchase||USD 400 000|
|Main applicant||USD 50 000|
|Spouse||USD 25 000|
|Dependent aged 0–17 years||USD 25 000|
|Dependent aged 18–30 years||USD 50 000|
|Dependent aged 55 years and older||USD 50 000|
|Government contribution (non-refundable) to SIDF|
|Main applicant||USD 250 000|
|Main applicant and up to 3 dependents||USD 300 000|
|Each additional dependent above 3 dependents||USD 25 000|